Tahzib (Illumination) – Iran Art III

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Tahzib (Illumination) – Iran Art II

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Tahzib (Illumination) – Iran Art

Tazhib (gilding) is an Arabic word which has been derived from “zahab” meaning “gold”. Gilding currently means to draw beautiful patterns of plants or geometrical shapes on the margins of books. At the beginning, golden color was used in this art and this is why they called it “tazhib” (gilding)

Literary speaking, gilding means to cover something with gold, but in practice, it is application of beautiful patterns to religious, scientific, cultural, and historical books as well as poem collections. Masters of gilding used flowers and their stalks to illuminate around book pages.

Gilding in Iran dates back to Sassanid era. After the advent of Islam, it was used by Islamic and Arab governments and was turned into an Islamic art.

 

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